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Closing Date: November 20, 2015 - expired

Terms of Reference (ToR) to Conduct a Baseline Study on an Automated Warehousing Receipt System for Promoting Financial Deepening and Inclusion in the Rice Value Chain in Nigeria.

Background and Introduction:

With the decreasing ability of donors to devote sufficient funding to international development, institutions such as the World Bank, the Leading Group on Innovative Finance for Development, and the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) have recommended that new sources of development finance be explored to bridge the funding gap. This challenge provides opportunities to explore innovative financing for development and to make it more efficient. Such financing is truly a vast field, comprising innovations in fundraising methods, alternative funding sources, and the ways to spend funds on international development (UNDP 2012). A growing need has arisen to explore new mechanisms and incentives to address market failures or scale up ongoing agriculture and food security development in Africa. World population growth trends, particularly in developing countries, indicate that the global demand for food will increase by 60 percent by 2050 (FAO, IFAD, and WFP 2012). 

Meeting this challenge in Africa, particularly in Sub-Saharan Africa, is important because although the continent is expected to experience the world’s highest population growth, it has also faced stagnant yields in recent years as well as negative impacts of climate change on agricultural productivity. The recent drop in global oil prices has caused the government to embark upon more sustainable economic restructuring to foster renewable energy and generate economic growth through non-oil sectors. Significant efforts have been made in Nigeria to shift from a mono-product (oil) economy to a more diversified one that is sustainable and can also narrow the country’s income inequality gap. To that end, the government has invested significantly in revamping the agriculture sector because of its huge potential to increase productivity, food security, job creation, and poverty reduction for sustainable development in Nigeria. About 85 percent of Nigeria’s total area is agricultural land (78.5 million hectares), of which 39.5 million hectares are arable. Of the arable land, only 60 percent has so far been cultivated, and only 13 percent of the country‘s agricultural land is irrigated (Eluhaiwe 2010) 

A major focus of the Agriculture Policy has been on improving rice production as Nigeria is one of the world’s largest importers and a major consumer of rice, spending about $2 billion annually on rice importation. Over a period of 30 years, Nigeria has seen a 300% increase in rice imports. 

The government has set a target for Nigeria to become self-sufficient in rice by 2015 (Nigeria, Ministry of Agriculture 2011). To achieve this, various policies including the Agricultural Transformation Agenda and the Growth Enhancement Scheme have been established to improve the accessibility and affordability of agro-input support such as improved seeds and fertilizers for smallholder farmers across the country. Additionally the government has made notable efforts to boost dry-season farming activities in various parts of the country to improve rice and other crop production. 

Overall Objective of the Study:

The overall objective of the study is to derive the baseline/evidence needed to develop an Automated Warehouse Receipt System programme to Promote Financial Deepening and Inclusion in the Rice Value Chain in Nigeria.

Scope of the study: 

The study will cover information from 2012 to date and will be done in Nasarawa state, Ebonyi state, Kwara state and Ogun state.

For more information and application procedure, please download the full and detailed ToR for this call.

Completed applications should be addressed and sent to: 

Ogomegbunam Anagwu 

Oxfam in Nigeria, 11 Ganges Street, Off Alvan Ikoku Way, Maitama, Abuja, Nigeria.


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